Resultados 1 a 4 de 4
  1. #1
    WHT-BR Top Member
    Data de Ingresso
    Dec 2010

    Angry [EN] Brazil data plan aims to keep US spies at bay

    Brazil is considering ways to make local use of the internet less dependent on US-based services, following leaks about Washington's cyberspy operations.

    The South American nation has suggested forcing internet firms to open data centres in Brazil, which would be used to store locally generated material.

    It is also pursuing a plan to build a new internet cable.

    The project would offer a way for data to bypass the US.

    Brazil's President, Dilma Rousseff, has postponed a state visit to Washington after allegations that the US National Security Agency (NSA) had targeted her emails and phone calls.

    It has also been alleged that the NSA hacked state-run oil company Petrobras and intercepted billions of emails and calls to Brazilians.

    US Secretary of State John Kerry has previously defended the NSA's actions, saying they were necessary to combat terrorism.

    "Brazil and other countries will understand exactly what we are doing, why and how - and we will work together to make sure that whatever is done is done in a way that respects our friends and our partners," he said last month on a visit to the country.

    Brics cable

    Brazil's IT policy secretary Virgilio Almeida has suggested that internet firms would have to operate data centres in the country, which would make them subject to local privacy laws.

    In addition, he said, the government might move to ensure that its own data about tax information and other sensitive subjects would be stored locally rather than in the cloud.

    Last week a Brazilian official specifically named Facebook, Google and Microsoft as examples of companies that would have to change their practices, according to a report by the Reuters news agency.

    The three companies are among those that have acknowledged handing over data about "national security matters" after legally binding requests from the US authorities.

    However, there is no suggestion that Brazilians would be barred from using US-based storage services.

    Brazil is also backing a separate plan to create the Brics Cable.

    This would see a fibre-optic link run from the Brazilian city of Fortaleza to Vladivostok, Russia. The link would pass through Africa and Asia and connect with cables running to mainland Europe and the Middle East.

    There would also be a link between Fortaleza and Miami, but it would mean data would not need to go through Florida before travelling elsewhere.

    At present the vast majority of Central and South America's internet data is routed through a single building in Miami known as the Network Access Point.

    According to documents leaked by whistle-blower Edward Snowden, the NSA and its UK counterpart GCHQ have used cable taps to collect "vast amounts" of data passing though their countries, which are then analysed using encryption-cracking tools.

    The Brics Cable's organisers hope to have their 34,000km (21,000 miles) link ready to use by the end of 2015.

    Brazil's telecom firm Telebras is also planning to launch the country's first communications satellite in 2016. Its military currently relies on a system run by Mexico's Embratel.

    In addition the country's postal service has announced plans to create an encrypted email service to offer the public an alternative to Gmail, Yahoo email or

    Limited effect

    One expert warned that such measures would give Brazil only a limited degree of protection from the NSA.

    "They are a step towards getting out the very strong control the US has over the internet infrastructure," said Dr Joss Wright, a cybersecurity expert at the University of Oxford's Internet Institute.

    "But if you send an email from your encrypted Brazilian provider to somebody else who has a Gmail account then Google is getting to read the thread of information anyway.

    "Regarding the new cables, you can't say, 'My data should go from here to here across this particular path.'

    "It's calculated on a very ad-hoc basis where it is going to go... which means you can't guarantee that just because there is a new high-capacity cable running from Brazil to Russia that all the data will go through it rather than an alternative."

    He added that taking steps to make firms subject to local data protection laws might also be easier said than done.

    "Look at the EU - it already has very strict rules about sharing and processing data and the general rule is that you can only share data if you share it with a country that has equivalently strong protection laws," he told the BBC.

    "However, the US being the US has a get-out-of-jail-free card with what are called the 'safe harbour provisions'.

    "They are an industry self-regulatory agreement which says they will treat data according to EU standards. But there is no oversight, there's no comeback if they do not live up to them."

    BBC News - Brazil data plan aims to keep US spies at bay

  2. #2
    Super Moderador
    Data de Ingresso
    Sep 2010

    Brazil and U.S., like star-crossed lovers, foiled again

    Eu preciso achar que não estou entendendo o que eles querem dizer....

    (Reuters) - Every time Brazil and the United States get to the altar, the roof of the church seems to collapse.

    In 1982, U.S. President Ronald Reagan traveled to Brazil for a dinner banquet meant to herald a new era in ties between the Americas' two biggest countries. But when Reagan raised his wine glass and toasted "the people of Bolivia," it seemed to confirm his hosts' worst fears: that the United States saw Brazil as just another poor country in its so-called backyard.

    This week, hopes for a breakthrough fell apart once again, in even more dramatic fashion.

    President Dilma Rousseff's decision to call off her upcoming state visit to the White House, the only formal event of its kind planned in Washington this year, is an embarrassing setback that will probably stymie cooperation on trade, regional affairs and other issues for years to come.

    Rousseff, a pragmatic leftist, was outraged over recent revelations that the U.S. National Security Agency spied on her private communications, as well as her top aides.

    While the two countries will retain generally cordial ties, Rousseff plans to take some retaliatory measures, including onerous new taxes and rules for U.S. Internet companies operating in Brazil, and ruling out a purchase of fighter jets from Chicago-based Boeing Co., officials told Reuters.

    She said the espionage is "incompatible" with a relationship among allies, and told aides it was pointless to go ahead with a trip whose ostensible purpose was to symbolize growing respect.

    The cancellation of such a high-profile visit despite two last-minute, personal appeals to Rousseff by President Barack Obama upset officials from both countries.

    It also caused a familiar sense of disappointment among observers who have long rooted for better ties between two giant democracies with similar histories as multiracial melting pots.

    In another recent example of a promising moment gone somewhat awry, Obama made a big show in 2011 of taking his wife and daughters on a trip to Brazil, heralding "even greater cooperation for decades to come." But many Brazilian officials felt that, when Obama showed up late at the presidential palace because he was coordinating U.S. missile strikes on Libya, it was a classic sign of a distracted imperial power.

    Moises Naim, a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, said the state visit would have been a great opportunity to put such episodes firmly in the past and overcome a long legacy of mistrust.

    "We were so close this time," he lamented.

    "There are no two countries that could create so much progress so quickly as Brazil and the United States," Naim said. He cited potential for bilateral and regional trade deals, cooperation on Latin American political hotspots like Venezuela, and U.S. interest in Brazil's recent offshore oil discoveries.

    "But they don't know how to deal with each other," he added. "There are reasons this keeps happening."


    Each country had big hopes for the October 23 event, which would have included a black-tie dinner at the White House and a military salute for Rousseff.

    For Brazil, the visit offered validation that after an economic boom over the past 20 years, their country had arrived as a global power worthy of Washington's highest formal honor.

    Rousseff hoped the trip would open up a new wave of U.S. investment in Latin America's largest economy, which has struggled since she took office in 2011. A photo-op with Obama would also have brandished her moderate credentials as she prepares for a likely re-election bid next year.

    For its part, Washington hoped that rolling out the red carpet for Rousseff would help bend her ear on several issues, above all in securing better access for U.S. firms to a huge market with 200 million increasingly voracious consumers.

    Because of high tariffs, Brazil has the most closed economy to trade in the Western Hemisphere. When U.S. Vice President Joe Biden visited in May, he urged Brazil to drop those barriers if it wants to become a strategic U.S. ally.

    "It's up to Brazil to decide whether to pursue this path and seize the opportunities," Biden said.

    In retrospect, that comment may have reflected an issue that has plagued Brazil-U.S. ties: Unrealistic expectations.

    Like most Brazilian politicians, Rousseff harbors a deep mistrust of free trade, particularly on Washington's terms. On several occasions, she has accused the United States of unfairly boosting its exports through expansionary monetary policy.

    As the visit grew closer, some Brazilian officials expressed concerns that Washington was placing too much emphasis on trade.

    It also became clear the trip would not yield breakthroughs on two long-time Brazilian goals: Visa-free travel for its citizens to the United States and U.S. support for Brazil's push to have a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council.


    Diplomats hoped the trip would at least give leaders a chance to build lasting personal bonds at the formal dinners that are part of state visits.

    There was a problem with this plan, though, which goes back to another longstanding obstacle.

    "They're two countries that just fundamentally don't understand each other," said Dan Restrepo, who until a year ago was Obama's top adviser on Latin America.

    Restrepo said that, with the possible exception of Argentina, there is no other country in Latin America whose senior leaders have spent so little time in the United States.

    Brazilian officials voice a similar complaint: that, outside of a few key positions, Latin America policy in Washington is dominated by Spanish-speaking Cold War veterans who know about Cuba or Guatemala, but don't understand the nuances of their continent-sized country.

    In that context, the NSA revelations seemed to exploit each country's worst suspicions of the other.

    Brazil saw the espionage, which also included U.S. monitoring of state-run oil company Petrobras, as another sign that the United States is an entrenched superpower that will do anything to block the rise of others.

    Meanwhile, many in Washington saw Rousseff's reaction to the revelations - which included a demand for an apology and a full accounting of U.S. intelligence activities - as further evidence of Brazil's exaggerated sense of self-importance and naivete about what it means to be a major world power.

    "All the ghosts came back," said Carlos Eduardo Lins da Silva, editor of Politica Externa, a foreign policy magazine.

    Nevertheless, both governments valued the visit enough to push for a solution until the bitter end.

    Despite other priorities, namely Syria, Obama spent 45 minutes with Rousseff at a September 5 summit in Russia to try to ease her concerns. He also made a last-minute plea by phone for 20 minutes on Monday.

    Rousseff, too, searched for a solution. But she believed she needed a stronger, public gesture of contrition from Obama to make the trip politically viable - to prevent the powerful left wing of her Workers' Party from attacking her as weak.

    "The Americans have no idea how hard it is to be pro-American in Brazil," one official close to Rousseff said.


    The last-minute push raised the stakes even more, and helps explain why the bad blood could linger for a while.

    In the short-term, there will be consequences for both sides.

    Rousseff has pushed new legislation that seeks to force Google Inc, Microsoft Corp and other foreign Internet companies to store locally gathered data on servers in Brazil. The bill is designed to improve Internet security and also retaliate for U.S. spying, Brazilian officials have said.

    Rousseff is likely to become an even more vocal opponent of U.S. espionage, including at this month's meeting of the United Nations, officials say.

    Meanwhile, Rousseff's handling of the episode has solidified impressions that she is unable to insert Brazil more fully into the world both economically and strategically. That's an impression that could linger among foreign companies looking to invest in Brazil, as well as other governments.

    "Brazil looked petulant," said Christopher Sabatini, editor of Americas Quarterly magazine. "That's not how major powers are supposed to act."

    Restrepo, the former Obama aide, said he thought Brazilian politics were the main reason the trip fell apart. But he also said the episode may finally bury the "wildly simplistic" idea that the two countries are suited for a diplomatic marriage because they share some common traits.

    "A lot of what gets people to the altar is all that superficial understanding," Restrepo said. "And then they look and each other and say, 'Hmm, maybe we don't have that much in common after all.'"

    (Editing by Todd Benson and Doina Chiacu)
    link: Analysis: Brazil and U.S., like star-crossed lovers, foiled again | Reuters
    Siga-nos em nosso twitter: @wht_brasil

  3. #3
    Super Moderador
    Data de Ingresso
    Sep 2010
    estas partes são interessantes:

    ...Meanwhile, many in Washington saw Rousseff's reaction to the revelations - which included a demand for an apology and a full accounting of U.S. intelligence activities - as further evidence of Brazil's exaggerated sense of self-importance and naivete about what it means to be a major world power....
    usando google translate:

    Enquanto isso, muitos em Washington viu a reação de Dilma às revelações - que incluiu uma demanda por um pedido de desculpas e uma contabilidade completa das atividades de inteligência dos Estados Unidos - como mais uma prova do sentimento exagerado do Brasil de auto-importância e ingenuidade sobre o que significa ser um mundo grande poder
    "Brazil looked petulant," said Christopher Sabatini, editor of Americas Quarterly magazine. "That's not how major powers are supposed to act."
    usando google translate:

    "O Brasil parecia petulante ", disse Christopher Sabatini, editor da revista Americas Quarterly . "Isso não é como as grandes potências devem agir. "
    mode sem comentários: ON
    Siga-nos em nosso twitter: @wht_brasil

  4. #4
    Data de Ingresso
    Nov 2010
    Rio de Janeiro
    Sabem qual será a consequência da Dilma não ir aos EUA por causa da "crise" de espionagem ?

    Imagens Anexas Imagens Anexas
    Alexandre Duran
    MegaHost ISP - Meganick IDC - DigitalSSL
    [B]Hospedagem de Sites - Servidores Dedicados

Permissões de Postagem

  • Você não pode iniciar novos tópicos
  • Você não pode enviar respostas
  • Você não pode enviar anexos
  • Você não pode editar suas mensagens