23-03-2014, 08:45 #1
[EN] N.S.A. Breached Chinese Servers
The agency pried its way into the servers in Huawei’s sealed headquarters in Shenzhen, China’s industrial heart, according to N.S.A. documents provided by the former contractor Edward J. Snowden. It obtained information about the workings of the giant routers and complex digital switches that Huawei boasts connect a third of the world’s population, and monitored communications of the company’s top executives.
One of the goals of the operation, code-named “Shotgiant,” was to find any links between Huawei and the People’s Liberation Army, one 2010 document made clear. But the plans went further: to exploit Huawei’s technology so that when the company sold equipment to other countries — including both allies and nations that avoid buying American products — the N.S.A. could roam through their computer and telephone networks to conduct surveillance and, if ordered by the president, offensive cyberoperations.
“Many of our targets communicate over Huawei-produced products,” the N.S.A. document said. “We want to make sure that we know how to exploit these products,” it added, to “gain access to networks of interest” around the world.
Two years after Shotgiant became a major program, the House Intelligence Committee delivered an unclassified report on Huawei and another Chinese company, ZTE, that cited no evidence confirming the suspicions about Chinese government ties. Still, the October 2012 report concluded that the companies must be blocked from “acquisitions, takeover or mergers” in the United States, and “cannot be trusted to be free of foreign state influence.”
They have blocked his company at every turn: pressing Sprint to kill a $3 billion deal to buy Huawei’s fourth generation, or 4G, network technology; scuttling a planned purchase of 3Com for fear that Huawei would alter computer code sold to the United States military; and pushing allies, like Australia, to back off from major projects.
Washington’s concerns about Huawei date back nearly a decade, since the RAND Corporation, the research organization, evaluated the potential threat of China for the American military. RAND concluded that “private Chinese companies such as Huawei” were part of a new “digital triangle” of companies, institutes and government agencies that worked together secretly.
Huawei is a global giant: it manufactures equipment that makes up the backbone of the Internet, lays submarine cables from Asia to Africa and has become the world’s third largest smartphone maker after Samsung and Apple.
Última edição por 5ms; 23-03-2014 às 08:52.
25-03-2014, 09:56 #2
China wants explanation on allegations of US spying
China has demanded a clear explanation from the United States following reports that it infiltrated the servers of the Chinese telecoms giant, Huawei.
The company said it would condemn the invasion of its networks if the reports in the New York Times were true.
The newspaper quoted documents, allegedly from the US National Security Agency (NSA), released by the former contractor, Edward Snowden.
They said the NSA had spied on Huawei and had information on its customers.
The NSA has made no mention of the reports but said it focused only on what it called valid foreign intelligence targets.
It said it did not use intelligence to steal the secrets of foreign companies to help US businesses.
Chinese foreign ministry spokesman, Hong Lei, said China was extremely concerned about the allegations.
"China has already lodged many complaints with the United States about reports of its espionage activities," he said demanding that Washington cease its activities and explain itself.
The New York Times said one of the goals of the US operation was to find out whether Huawei had connections with the People's Liberation Army.
It said the operation, codenamed "Shotgiant", also sought to conduct espionage through the systems and telephone networks that Huawei sold to other countries.
The newspaper said that the NSA had gained access to Huawei headquarters in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen and found information on the internal workings of its switches and routers.
The German magazine, Der Spiegel, also citing what it said were NSA documents from Edward Snowden, said the US was positioned to launch cyber offensive operations against the Chinese leadership through its access to Huawei networks.
Washington has long seen Huawei as a potential security threat and has blocked some business deals in the US for fear that it would open the door to Chinese military hackers.
Edward Snowden fled to Hong Kong last year and has since been granted asylum in Russia.
He continues to release information that claims to reveal the global activities of the NSA.