03-04-2014, 11:54 #1
[EN] EU Parliament approves net neutrality...
The MEPs also strengthened the net neutrality proposal compared to the European Commission's initial text. This prevents ISPs from blocking or throttling certain applications or services on their networks. The EC had proposed allowing an exception to the rule so ISPs could give priority to certain "special services", but the Parliament tightened the definition of these services in order to avoid a major loophole in the law. Under the adopted text, only services that are not readily available through the internet, such as medical applications, can fall under the 'special services' definition. These special services furthermore cannot impact the 'open' nature of the rest of the internet, by restricting the bandwidth available to other applications or users. Regulators will also be able to set minimum quality requirements for access to an 'open' internet.
The law will only come into effect after negotiations between the Parliament and EU Council of member states on the final text of the legislation. European Commissioner Neelie Kroes, who proposed the original package last autumn, said she expects a final agreement by the end of 2014.
Telecom industry groups immediately criticised the legislation passed, saying it fails to meet the Commission's original goal of stimulating economic growth, jobs and investment. ETNO, the lobby group for incumbent network operators, said it was particularly concerned about the net neutrality clause, the lack of harmonisation in consumer provisions and uncertainty over the various roaming regulations in play. It said the legislation will result in an "excessive burden for the EU telecoms sector". Mobile industry group the GSMA was also critical of the net neutrality requirements, saying that limiting operators ability to charge for differentiated services will undermine their ability to invest in new networks.
Both groups acknowledged a few positive elements in the legislation, particularly in terms of spectrum harmonisation. However, they called for "significant corrections" in the final text of the law, as well as a renewed focus among policy makers on reforming the existing telecom regulatory framework for network access.
03-04-2014, 11:57 #2
E.U. Lawmakers Approve Tough ‘Net Neutrality’ RulesLONDON — European lawmakers approved new rules on Thursday aimed at guaranteeing equal access to the Internet and cutting cellphone charges across the 28-member European Union.
The proposals, which had been subject to intense lobbying by industry groups and consumer advocates, mirror similar efforts in the United States to allow access by all companies and individuals to the Internet’s pipelines for services like streaming music, on-demand television and cloud computing.
A final endorsement of the rules would be left to the next European Parliament, which will be elected next month. Individual countries also still would need to reach agreement with the Parliament and the European Commission on a reconciled version of the law, which may still be changed in response to feedback from domestic politicians and regulators.
Under the proposals, European politicians are trying to create a single market for electronic communications across the bloc.
That included last-minute amendments intended to provide a strict definition of so-called net neutrality, which means that telecommunications companies and other Internet service providers cannot discriminate between different services that run on their data networks.
The lawmakers also made it mandatory for mobile phone companies to comply with rules to phase out roaming costs when consumers use cellphones in other European Union countries by the end of next year.
“This vote is the E.U. delivering for citizens,” Neelie Kroes, the European commissioner responsible for telecommunications, said Thursday in a statement. “This is what the E.U. is all about — getting rid of barriers to make life easier and less expensive.”
The outcome of the legislation is part of a continuing debate in Europe over how to pay for the multibillion-euro investments needed to upgrade the Continent’s mobile and landline Internet infrastructure. In the absence of clear rules, Europe has slipped increasingly behind the more advanced data networks of North America and Asia.
Operators like Vodafone of Britain and Deutsche Telekom of Germany want to charge Internet companies like Google, Netflix and smaller start-ups for use of their networks because services like online-television streaming occupy a large percentage of the Internet pipelines.
In contrast, Internet companies and consumer advocacy groups warn that the telecom companies could reduce consumer choice if they force companies to pay extra for access to data networks. Companies say only those with deep pockets, which are mostly American Internet giants like Microsoft, which owns the video messaging service Skype, would be able to pay for greater access to Europe’s Internet infrastructure.
The vote on Thursday provided extra protection for equal access to Europe’s mobile and fixed line data networks, and was welcomed by advocacy groups.
“The E.U. seized the opportunity to secure users’ rights and protect innovation and freedom of expression online,” Raegan MacDonald, European policy manager at the consumer group Access, said in a statement.
The telecom industry, however, warned that the legislation could hamper innovation in Europe’s technology sector, as companies would not have the right financial incentives to invest in their networks.
Telecom carriers, which have plans to put billions of euros into the Continent’s mobile and landline Internet infrastructure over the next 10 years, are concerned that they will not be able to recoup their investment from consumers’ growing appetite for online services like the online streaming of music and TV programs.
“Today’s vote risks derailing the original objectives of the Connected Continent regulation,” Luigi Gambardella, chairman of the European Telecommunications Network Operators’ Association, said in a statement on Thursday. “The access of European citizens and businesses to innovative and high-quality services will be negatively affected.”
Mark Scott reported from London, and James Kanter from Brussels.
04-04-2014, 08:53 #3
Parlamento Europeu aprova projeto de lei que garante neutralidade de rede
Proposta, que garante também o fim do roaming em países da Europa, ainda precisa passar pela aprovação do Conselho Europeu
O Parlamento Europeu aprovou nesta quinta-feira um projeto de lei que garante a neutralidade de rede nos países da União Europeia. Ela vai obrigar provedores de internet a tratar todo o tráfego da mesma forma, independente da sua origem, o que pode impedir operadoras como Vodafone e Deutsche Telekom de priorizar o acesso aos seus próprios serviços ou cobrar de grandes empresas, como Google e Netflix, para permitir acesso a estes serviços com maior velocidade.
O projeto de lei, proposto por Neelie Kroes, vice-presidente da Comissão Europeia, foi aprovado por 534 votos a favor contra apenas 25 contra. "Ele ajudará a eliminar barreiras e a tornar a vida mais barata para os consumidores", diz Neelie. A decisão foi comemorada por startups, grupos de defesa do consumidor e ativistas da liberdade na internet. Até o momento, somente a Holanda e a Eslováquia possuem leis que garantem a neutralidade.
Diversas operadoras de serviços de telecomunicações que operam na Europa protestaram contra o projeto de lei. Elas alegam que estão cada vez mais em desvantagem em relação às operadoras que atuam nos Estados Unidos, onde a lei que garantia a neutralidade de rede foi abolida. Para se tornar lei, o projeto ainda precisa passar pela aprovação dos líderes da União Europeia. O assunto será discutido na reunião do Conselho Europeu, que será realizada em outubro.
"As operadoras de telecomunicações europeias estão enfrentando uma redução nas receitas, se comparado com operadoras que atuam nos Estados Unidos e na Ásia", disse a GSMA, associação que reúne empresas do mercado de celulares. Em um comunicado divulgado após a aprovação do projeto de lei, a GSMA afirmou que as leis europeias estão "prejudicando a habilidade das operadoras de investir na infraestrutura necessária" para que a Europa se recupere da crise econômica.
Além da neutralidade, o projeto de lei proibirá os provedores de internet de bloquear serviços de internet que competem diretamente com seus serviços de voz e mensagens, como o Skype e o WhatsApp. A proposta também garante que tarifas de roaming, em viagens por países pela União Europeia, sejam banidas da União Europeia em 2016. A estimativa é que o setor de telecomunicações perca 7 bilhões de euros em receita até 2020, caso o projeto de lei receba aprovação final.
Última edição por 5ms; 04-04-2014 às 08:55.