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  1. #1
    WHT-BR Top Member
    Data de Ingresso
    Dec 2010

    [EN] IBM Goes Open-Source

    Computing and services giant IBM did something very unlike IBM today. It has decided to open up it its Power chip architecture to outside developers to improve upon it.

    In doing so, it’s acting a bit more like ARM, the British company that licenses its core chip designs for third parties like Qualcomm, Applied Micro and Apple to customize. But in this case it is working through an open-source body, the OpenPower Foundation, which it set up last year. The move allows anyone with the technical chops to design and manufacture their own Power-based chip and add their own enhancements to it.

    Long considered one of IBM’s crown jewels, Power chips lie at the heart of the Power line of servers that form the backbone of its high-end computing business, the same one that’s been giving IBM so much trouble recently. Hardware sales fell 23 percent in the most recently reported quarter.

    It’s a rare move for IBM, said analyst Patrick Moorhead, head of the boutique chip industry research firm Moor Insights and Strategy based in Austin. The companies most likely to run with IBM’s designs are up-and-coming chip makers in China who want an alternative to Intel’s Xeon server chips. “They want an alternative that in their minds doesn’t have any security back doors in it,” he said.

    IBM’s aim is to prove that companies with large Internet data centers will take to it. One potential candidate is Google, which chairs the OpenPower foundation, but has so far only committed to test systems running the new chips. Google’s custom-designed systems run almost entirely on Intel chips. “IBM has been unable to translate their supposed advantages into a meaningful market share in market for servers sold and deployed at Internet-scale,” Moorhead said.

    One third party getting in on the action is Tyan, a developer of so-called “white box” systems. It showed off a design for hardware running operating systems from IBM, Google and Ubuntu Linux from Canonical.

    The move is intended to inject some new life into the steadily declining server-chip business. IBM-built servers based on the Power chips are typically used to run AIX, Big Blue’s variant of Unix, the industrial-strength operating system that dates back to AT&T’s Bell Labs in the 1960s.

    But as servers running the open source operating system Linux and using chips from Intel have come to dominate the market, Unix servers in general have been on a long-term decline. Worldwide sales of Unix servers fell by nearly 32 percent in the third quarter of 2013. IBM saw its Power Systems sales fall by nearly a third last year. Another player in that market is Oracle, which in 2010 acquired Sun Microsystems and its SPARC-based line of Unix servers.

    But Moorhead said IBM’s decision to share the Power chip designs on an open-source basis may turn out to be a case of too little, too late to reverse the long-term trend. “IBM has some interesting technologies, but right now it’s in crawl-mode,” he said. “They have a lot to prove to a lot of people. It would have been a lot more interesting if they had made this move three years ago.”

    On a related note, IBM announced new Power servers based on the latest and greatest of its Power chip designs, the Power8. “For people already running Power systems, I think it’s a good upgrade,” Moorhead said. “It’s probably a really good solution for people who don’t want to move to other kinds of systems.”

  2. #2
    WHT-BR Top Member
    Data de Ingresso
    Dec 2010

    IBM Unveils New POWER8 Systems, Built for Big Data

    IBM unveiled new Power Systems servers Wednesday, leveraging POWER8 technology for a new era of big data and open innovation. Through the OpenPOWER Foundation, IBM also released detailed technical specifications for its POWER8 processor, inviting collaborators and competitors alike to innovate on the processor and server platform.

    The new scale-out IBM Power Systems servers culminate a $2.4 billion investment, three-plus years of development and exploit the innovation of hundreds of IBM patents. The systems are built from the ground up to harness Big Data with the new IBM POWER8 processor, a sliver of silicon that measures just one square inch, which is embedded with more than 4 billion microscopic transistors and more than 11 miles of high-speed copper wiring.

    This is the first truly disruptive advancement in high-end server technology in decades, with radical technology changes and the full support of an open server ecosystem that will seamlessly lead our clients into this world of massive data volumes and complexity,” said Tom Rosamilia, Senior Vice President, IBM Systems and Technology Group. “There no longer is a one-size-fits-all approach to scale out a data center. With our membership in the OpenPOWER Foundation, IBM’s POWER8 processor will become a catalyst for emerging applications and an open innovation platform.”

    New POWER8 Systems

    IBM announced three new Power Systems solutions optimized for the unique requirements of Big Data and Analytics solutions. Leveraging the POWER8-based systems together with the company’s Big Data and analytics software portfolio, the solutions enable organizations to put data to work in real time. The new technologies, IBM Solution for BLU Acceleration, IBM Solution for Analytics and IBM Solution for Hadoop, are optimized for IBM’s new Power Systems to deliver quick insights on both structured and unstructured data. According to industry benchmark results, the IBM Power Systems are capable of analyzing data 50 times faster than the latest x86-based systems.

    After committing $1 billion last year for new Linux and other open source developments IBM announced two Linux developments that fortify rapid cloud innovation on POWER8 systems: Canonical’s Ubuntu Server for POWER8 systems, and the introduction of Power KVM, a Power Systems-compatible version of the popular Linux-based virtualization tool KVM, on all POWER8 systems that run Linux exclusively. This complements the existing support by IBM for Red Hat and SUSE Linux operating system distributions on its complete lineup of Power Systems.

    New IBM Power Systems S-Class servers are meant for large, scale-out computing environments where servers operate at higher than average server utilization rates, guaranteeing a sustained system utilization for a broad range of demanding workloads. Running Linux exclusively the new Power Systems S812L and S822L servers will be available June 10. The three additional offerings, the Power Systems S814, S822 and S824 servers, provide clients the choice of running multiple operating systems including Linux, AIX and IBM i.

    New Open Innovations and Roadmap

    At the Open Innovation Summit the OpenPOWER Foundation took its first steps to deliver transformative system designs based on IBM’s new POWER8 processor. With the IBM POWER architecture serving as the base, the OpenPOWER Foundation computing platform represents 25 global technology providers, including Google, NVIDIA, Mellanox, and Tyan.

    The group announced an innovation roadmap detailing planned contributions from several of its members, with IBM’s Power Systems as the first servers to exploit OpenPOWER technology. The Foundation showed the first reference board and OEM systems, and innovations including many forms of acceleration, advanced memory and networking. OpenPOWER has grown to more than two dozen members including global hardware and software thought leaders. The OpenPOWER Software stack in this white box design is targeted for ease of implementation in hybrid deployments. IBM noted it will be deploying systems leveraging this OpenPOWER hardware and software stack in Softlayer later this year.

    OpenPOWER also announced new ways to use POWER-based technologies to address critical big data, cloud, and application challenges facing modern data centers. An early live demonstration of these innovations will be performed at the IBM Impact 2014 Global Conference next week in Las Vegas. NVIDIA will demonstrate the first implementation of GPU acceleration with POWER technology as well as the first GPU accelerator framework for Java, showing an early 8X performance improvement on Hadoop Analytics applications. Exploiting RDMA on POWER, Mellanox will demonstrate a 10X throughput and latency improvement of Key Value Store applications.

    Twenty five members have joined OpenPOWER including Canonical, Micron, Hitachi, Emulex, Fusion-IO, SK Hynix, Xilinx, Jülich Supercomputer Center, and Oregon State University.
    Última edição por 5ms; 24-04-2014 às 23:43.

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