The Cisco® Global Cloud Index is an ongoing effort to forecast the growth of global data center and cloud-based IP traffic. The study also includes a “Cloud Readiness” analysis that investigates the ability of each global region (Asia Pacific, Central and Eastern Europe, Latin America, Middle East and Africa, North America, and Western Europe) to support a sample set of basic, intermediate, and advanced business and consumer cloud applications. Each region’s cloud readiness is assessed with relation to the sample services based on download and upload fixed and mobile network speeds as well as associated network latencies (segmented by business and consumer connections). This supplement provides additional country-level details that collectively represent the basis for each region’s network performance averages (speeds and latencies). Please refer to the Cisco Global Cloud Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2013–2018 for complete research findings and projections.
Country-Level Details of Regional Cloud Readiness
The Cloud Readiness portion of the Cisco Global Cloud Index includes more than 150 million records from Ookla, the Cisco GIST application, Ovum, Informa, Telecoms and Media, Point Topic, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), and the United Nations (UN). The network performance data gathered represents nearly 150 countries around the world, covering a span of 2 years. The regional averages presented in the Cisco Global Cloud Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2013–2018 are based on the detailed analysis of these speed tests.
Individual countries may have slightly or significantly higher or lower averages compared to their regional averages for download speed, upload speed, and network latency. In some cases, individual countries did not have enough test results to warrant inclusion in a particular network metric category (for example, fixed or mobile download or upload speed). The same applies to segmentation categories as well. If a country has a statistically significant number of results with consumer speeds but an inadequate sample size for the business speeds, the consumer speeds are the only segment results shared in the study. Hence, some countries are included in some categories but excluded from others. For normalization and to prevent skewing of the data, we have applied the 5th to 95th percentile methodology to our study (the top 5 percent and bottom 5 percent of results in fixed and mobile performance categories by country are excluded).
For the purposes of this supplement, participating countries are classified into two general categories: cloud-prepared and cloud-emerging. These categorizations are based on a combination of the country’s network download (DL), upload (UL), and latency characteristics. Download speeds in kilobits per second (kbps), upload speeds in kbps, and latency in milliseconds (ms) were given equal weights in calibrating each country’s network performance. The study has traditionally focused on average or mean download (Avg DL), upload (Avg UL), and latency (Avg Latency) characteristics. Median download speed in kbps (Median DL), median upload speed in kbps (Median UL), and the median latency in ms (Median Latency) are reported in the study to understand the variability of speeds experienced by the end users within each country. In most countries, median speeds are lower than mean and average speeds because of the higher occurrence of lower speeds in the lower 50th percentile, compared to the longer tail of distribution of the higher speeds. The median of a set of numbers is the midpoint, where half the numbers are lower and half the numbers are higher. The average of a set of numbers is the total of those numbers divided by the number of items in that set. Please refer to the download speed distribution curves for six countries within six regions in Appendix A. Countries that are classified as cloud-prepared have network performance characteristics that are superior to those of countries that are classified as cloud-emerging.
The following sections present country-level cloud readiness results within each region and category. Countries are listed in alphabetical order.