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  1. #1
    WHT-BR Top Member
    Data de Ingresso
    Dec 2010

    [EN] Hong Kong: 60 mil racks

    The top four Hong Kong data center providers are Silicon Valley-based Equinix, Japan’s NTT Communications, and Hong Kong’s native PCCW Solutions and iAdvantage, a subsidiary of SUNeVision. Together, these four companies have two-thirds of the total market share.

    Hong Kong, China’s Data Center Gateway to the World

    by Yevgeniy Sverdlik on February 1, 2016

    Hong Kong may be one of the world’s tiniest nations, but its importance on the internet’s global map is huge, and, if the Hong Kong government plays its cards right, that importance is only going to grow.

    Hong Kong is important because China is important. As China’s Special Administrative Region, it is more westernized and open than the People’s Republic. It is both a springboard and a gateway between the recently emerged economic powerhouse and the rest of the world.

    “Springboard” and “gateway” are “the two words that encapsulate the China effect” on Hong Kong and Singapore, the other Asia Pacific business and interconnection hub that’s enjoying a similar status, Jabez Tan, senior analyst at Structure Research, a data center market research firm, says.

    The Hong Kong data center market is a springboard in the sense that international service providers that want to serve China often start in Hong Kong, which doesn’t have requirements like China’s Internet Data Center License, uncertainty about data privacy, or anything like the Great Firewall of China. “Companies understand the risk of going directly to China,” Tan says.

    It’s a gateway in the sense that digital business flows through it both ways: international companies use it to get into China, and Chinese companies, from search engine and cloud giants to online gaming and mobile app developers, set up shop in Hong Kong before they branch out into Southeast Asia, Europe, or North America. Tencent followed this path, and so did Alibaba, to name some of the biggest examples.

    This of course makes Hong Kong one of the world’s most lucrative markets for data center service providers. Tencent uses services of the Hong Kong data center provider HTC Global Center, while Alibaba’s cloud services subsidiary Aliyun uses Towngas Telecom and another Hong Kong telco to serve customers outside of China, Tan says. Aliyun also has data centers in Singapore and, since last year, in the US. In July, it announced a plan to also launch data centers in Europe and the Middle East.

    Hong Kong Data Centers, by the Numbers

    While a smaller data center market than Northern Virginia, Silicon Valley, London, or Amsterdam, Hong Kong has about 40 data center providers with more than 50 operational data centers across its 400-plus square miles of land, according to Structure’s latest report on the Hong Kong data center market.

    These providers brought in $616 million in revenue last year, and the market is projected to grow by 15 percent in 2016. By 2020, Structure expects the Hong Kong data center market to reach $1.39 billion.

    Hong Kong Data Center Market by the Numbers (Courtesy of Structure Research):

    • Number of data center providers (2015): 38
    • Number of unique operational data centers (2015): 53
    • Total critical power capacity (2015): 208MW
    • Total data center space (2015): 1.9 million square feet
    • Total rack capacity (2015): 59,000 racks
    • Total 2015 colocation services revenue: $616 million (HK$4.8 billion)

    The top four Hong Kong data center providers are Silicon Valley-based Equinix, Japan’s NTT Communications, and Hong Kong’s native PCCW Solutions and iAdvantage, a subsidiary of SUNeVision. Together, these four companies have two-thirds of the total market share.

    Government Holds the Keys

    Structure splits the Hong Kong market into five sub regions: Tseung Kwan O, Kowloon West, Kowloon East, Hong Kong Island, and New Territories North. Most of the data center capacity – about one-third – is in Tseung Kwan O, development on reclaimed land on the shores of the Tseung Kwan O bay, to the east of Hong Kong Island. Kowloon West, a territory north of Hong Kong Island that’s comprised of two cities, Tsuen Wan and Kwai Chung, has the second-largest data center presence, just slightly smaller than Tseung Kwan O’s.

    Unlike the major US data center markets, places like Northern Virginia and Silicon Valley, the data center hubs in Tseung Kwan O and Kowloon West didn’t form because of circumstances. The supply of land in Hong Kong is extremely tight – which is one of the hardest aspects of entering the market or expanding there – and the government decides what gets built where. Both sub-regions are data center hubs because the government specifically set land aside within them for data centers, Tan says.

    Data centers do get permitted and built outside of those designated areas, called Industrial Estates, but the highest concentration is within them. Operators have announced three new data centers that will launch over the next two to three years – by China Unicom, Global Switch (a new provider in the Hong Kong market), and iAdvantage – all of them in Tseung Kwan O.

    Not only does the government tightly control land supply in Hong Kong, it also has some fairly restrictive rules for using the land it does set aside for data centers. For example, a data center operator in the Tseung Kwan O industrial estate isn’t allowed to sublet space within their facility there, Tan says. They can provide data center services, but they cannot give the tenant full access control. In other words, the wholesale data center lease model, where the provider simply collects rent and has no access to the facility, unless the tenant permits them, doesn’t work there.

    Providers have found ways to work around the rule, Tan says, and he isn’t aware of any company having to pay penalties or shut down because they broke it, but it does create a different set of problems than in other markets.

    Lots of Data Center Capacity Available

    Regardless of its problems, be they the tight real estate market, the hands-on government, or high electricity rates (anywhere from 13.5 to 20 cents per kWh, depending on location), Hong Kong’s proximity to mainland China and its strategic hub status make it one of the world’s most attractive data center markets.

    While it’s hard to build new data center capacity there, there is currently a lot of capacity available in existing data centers, Tan says, which is an important thing to understand for companies considering Hong Kong as the location for their next data center. “The market is developing, and there is still a meaningful amount of runway left for the current inventory that is built out.”

  2. #2
    WHT-BR Top Member
    Data de Ingresso
    Dec 2010

    Singapore: 55,000 racks

    by Yevgeniy Sverdlik on July 28, 2015

    The Singapore data center market is booming thanks to the country’s proximity to China, political stability, and a business-friendly regulatory environment.

    The technology market in Asia is growing faster than anywhere else, most of the growth occurring in China. As companies from elsewhere look to expand to Asian markets, while Asian companies expand globally, Singapore, like Hong Kong, has emerged as a data center and network gateway between key Asian markets and the rest of the world.

    The Structure report focuses specifically on data center colocation services and counts about 50 colocation providers in Singapore, including providers with their own data centers as well as sizable resellers. Cumulatively, these providers sell colo space in 44 operational data centers today, but there’s a lot of data center construction taking place, and more facilities are going to come online this and next year.

    Singapore Data Center Market, By the Numbers:

    • Number of data center providers: <50
    • Number of operational data centers: 44
    • Total critical power capacity: 200 MW
    • Total data center space: <2 million square feet
    • Total rack space: 55,000 racks
    • Total 2014 colocation services revenue: $963 million
    • Total projected 2016 colocation services revenue: >$1.2 billion

    First-Mover Advantage

    While it is now competing with neighboring markets for data center business – markets such as Cyberjaya and Johor in Malaysia or Jakarta in Indonesia – Singapore started laying the foundation for a data center market much earlier than other countries in the region did and therefore has some clear advantages, Jabez Tan, senior analyst at Structure who happens to be a native Singaporean, said.

    There is robust network and power infrastructure throughout the island, and numerous key submarine cable systems land there, connecting it to Hong Kong and Australia. There’s a diverse enterprise ecosystem in Singapore, including a robust financial-services sector.

    “Business ecosystems like the ones Singapore has established take years of time and effort to develop and are not easily replicated, since there are no shortcuts, which is why first-mover advantage is critical and why Singapore has successfully positioned itself as the top data center hub in Asia,” Tan said.

    Lay of the Land

    Structure splits Singapore into three distinct regions: northern, western, and eastern. Most data centers are in the eastern region. “More than half of data center capacity of Singapore is on the eastern side,” Tan said. The western region has the second-largest colocation data center presence.

    There isn’t a whole lot of colocation data center capacity in the northern region, but at least two providers (Global Capacity and 1-Net) are building data centers there. The northern part is also where several US internet giants have built their data centers: Google, Microsoft, and Yahoo, according to Tan.

    Aliyun, the cloud services arm of the Chinese internet giant Alibaba, disclosed plans to expand its data center infrastructure to Singapore, among other locations, last week.

    Meet the Top Players

    The biggest data center provider in Singapore today is the local telco Singtel, which has eight data centers on the island and commands 40 percent market share, according to Structure. Silicon Valley-based Equinix is the second-largest player with three existing data centers and confirmed expansion plans in Singapore.

    The third- , fourth- , and fifth-largest players are London-based Global Switch, Singaporean Keppel, and San Francisco-based Digital Realty, in that order.

    Among the top 10 colo providers on the island, most are international companies. Only four out of 10 are local, Tan said.

    Malaysia: the New Jersey of Singapore

    Malaysia is Singapore’s biggest competitor for data center projects. In many ways, Malaysia is to Singapore what New Jersey is to New York City, Tan said. It is a close neighbor with cheaper land, power, and labor. But there are lots of characteristics the Singapore data center market has going for it that Malaysia does not.

    Political instability, subpar connectivity, and a sizable gap in terms of educated workforce are all examples of things Malaysia would have to overcome if it were to successfully compete with Singapore for data center construction, Tan explained.

    Another obstacle would be Singapore’s data sovereignty laws, which require certain data center workloads and sensitive user data to be stored in the country. These laws will make it difficult for a service provider who wants to sell into the Singapore market (Malaysia’s largest neighboring market) to set up shop in Malaysia.

    Scarcity and high cost of real estate will only play in favor of the colocation market in Singapore. “Our research indicates that colocation will be the preferred way forward” as an enterprise data center strategy in Singapore, Tan said.

  3. #3
    WHT-BR Top Member
    Data de Ingresso
    Dec 2010


    • Number of data center providers:
    • Number of operational data centers:
    • Total critical power capacity: MW
    • Total data center space:
    • Total rack space: racks

  4. #4
    WHT-BR Top Member
    Data de Ingresso
    Dec 2010

    Maiores Data Centers no Brasil

    25 Sep 2015

    Ainda que muitos data centers tenham sido construídos no Brasil recentemente, o tamanho da infraestrutura dessas instalações no país se mantém inferior à de países como os Estados Unidos.

    Um estudo recente da empresa de consultoria Cushman & Wakefield revelou que a soma das áreas construídas de todos os data centers brasileiros era menor do que toda a estrutura encontrada na cidade de Miami.

    Alguns fatores podem ser entendidos como causas para a dificuldade de estabelecer e manter data centers no Brasil, como os altos impostos e a burocracia aplicada às empresas. Apesar disso, nos últimos anos diversas empresas têm demonstrado esforços para estabelecer uma infraestrutura aprimorada para serviços como hospedagem e computação em nuvem no país.

    Essa é uma tendência que deve se manter nos próximos anos, considerando o aumento do número de usuários de serviços online e uma demanda por qualidade que só pode ser atendida com a instalação de centros de dados geograficamente próximos a esse público.


    O banco Itaú recentemente inaugurou um condominio de data centers de grande porte na cidade de Mogi Mirim, em um terreno de 815 mil metros quadrados. A instalação abriga dois data centers e possui espaço para a construção de mais quatro, com área construída total de 151 mil metros quadrados. A capacidade total da instalação é de 90 MW e o empreendimento teve custo de R$ 3,3 bilhões.


    O data center do banco Santander localizado na cidade de Campinas foi inaugurado em junho de 2014 e foi o resultado de um investimento de R$ 1,1 bilhão. Atualmente, o data center é responsável pelas operações financeiras do banco realizadas no Brasil. O data center foi construído em um terreno de 800.000 metros quadrados, possui espaço para 1500 racks e é alimentado por geradores com capacidade de 50 MW.


    A operadora de telecomunicações Vivo é dona de um dos maiores data centers do Brasil, localizado em Santana do Parnaíba e inaugurado em setembro de 2012. O data center possui uma área de 28.000 metros quadrados, espaço para 1760 racks e capacidade de 33 MW.


    A Ascenty, provedora de serviços de colocation, computação em nuvem e sistemas de telecomunicações, é dona de alguns dos maiores data centers em atividade no Brasil, todos os quais são disponíveis para comercialização. O maior deles, localizado em Jundiaí, foi inaugurado em 2014 e possui uma área de 3.500 metros quadrados, espaço para 1.200 racks e capacidade total de 25 MVA. O segundo maior data center da Ascenty está localizado na cidade de Campinas e possui uma área de 2.400 metros, espaço para 800 racks e capacidade total de 11,3 MVA.

    A empresa já anunciou a construção de um data center no município de Maracanaú, na região metropolitana de Fortaleza, que terá uma área de 4.500 metros quadrados e capacidade de 27 MVA. Também está em construção um data center na cidade de Hortolândia, com área de 2.700 metros quadrados e capacidade de 20 MVA. Ambas as instalações deverão iniciar operações em 2015.


    A provedora de serviços de TI Tivit opera três data centers no Brasil, dos quais dois estão localizados na cidade de São Paulo e um se encontra na cidade do Rio de Janeiro. A empresa não divulga as características específicas de cada instalação, mas alega que sua área somada é de 14.000 metros quadrados, que operam mais de 10.000 servidores e que possuem capacidadede 20 MW.


    A Alog, provedora de serviços de colocation, hospedagem e computação em nuvem, opera quatro dos maiores data centers em atividade no Brasil, dois dos quais na região metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro e dois no estado de São Paulo.

    O menor dos data centers da cidade do Rio de Janeiro possui uma área de 1.650 metros quadrados e capacidade total de 2 MW, enquanto o maior possui uma área de 4.700 metros quadrados, espaço para 1.200 racks e capacidade de 12 MVA. O data center instalado na cidade de São Paulo, possui área de 1.400 metros quadrados e capacidade de 1,8 MW, enquantro o data center da região de Tamboré possui uma área de 3.200 metros quadrados e capacidade total de 10 MW.

    Level 3

    A provedora de serviços de telecomunicações Level 3 opera três data centers no Brasil: uma instalação de 10.000 metros quadrados na cidade de Cotia, uma instalação de 2.000 metros quadrados em Curitiba e uma instalação de 3.000 metros no Rio de Janeiro. Apesar da empresa não fornecer detalhes sobre seus centros de dados, recentemente foi anunciado que a unidade de Cotia foi expandida e possui agora capacidade de 20MW.


    O data center da provedora de hospedagem Locaweb, localizado na cidade de São Paulo, foi inaugurado em 2010 e foi o resultado de um investimento de R$ 49 milhões. A instalação possui uma área de 20.000 metros quadrados e capacidade de 20 MW.


    A empresa norte-americana IBM recentemente inaugurou um data center na cidade de Jundiaí dedicado ao serviço de computação na nuvem SoftLayer. O data center pode abrigar 9 mil servidores e possui capacidade de 2,8 MW. A IBM também opera um data center de grande porte na cidade de Hortolândia mas não divulga informações sobre suas características.

    Outros Data Centers

    Algumas instituições e empresas no Brasil operam data centers de grande porte mas não divulgam informações a seu respeito, como tamanho e capacidade energética. Essas organizações incluem:

    • Algar
    • Embratel
    • Oi
    • UOL Diveo
    • GetNet
    • BM&F Bovespa
    • Petrobras
    • T-System

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