Tópico: [EN] Google Fiber joga a toalha
27-08-2016, 13:17 #1
[EN] Google Fiber joga a toalha
Alphabet CEO Larry Page has not only slashed Google’s FTTH operation in half, he’s set it an impossible goal: they must cut costs by 90 per cent. This sounds a lot like a target that was carefully chosen not to be met, and It’s difficult to see how Google Fiber can achieve this target by doing more of the same.
Google Fiber project changes to wireless channel
Hannah Kuchler in San Francisco
Alphabet is switching the focus of its high-speed internet plans to wireless technology, in order to accelerate a project to improve connections across the US that has taken six years to reach just six cities.
Google Fiber is turning its attention to wireless, which requires less expensive and time-consuming construction work, and putting fibre projects on pause in Portland, Oregon, and San Jose in Silicon Valley. It is also changing its broadband strategy in the newest cities to join the programme.
The move comes after the company in June acquired Webpass, a wireless provider that operates in five major markets in the US including the Bay Area and Chicago. The deal, for an undisclosed sum, was designed to help Google reach more cities more quickly.
Charles Barr, president of Webpass, said at the time of the acquisition that the company would remain focused “primarily on point-to-point wireless”, a simple network architecture that can range from connecting two locations just a few hundred metres apart to up to tens of miles away from each other.
Google said: “We're continuing to work with city leaders to explore the possibility of bringing Google Fiber to many cities. This means deploying the latest technologies in alignment with our product road map, while understanding local considerations and challenges, which takes time.” The story was first reported by The Wall Street Journal.
FCC filings also show that Google is applying for an experimental radio service licence.
Google added: “We are working to test the viability of a wireless network that relies on newly available spectrum. The project is in early stages today, but we hope this technology can one day help deliver more abundant internet access to consumers.”
Alphabet, now Google’s parent company, started Google Fiber to offer connection speeds up to 100 times faster than the average broadband connection, allowing both uploads and downloads of a gigabit of data a second.
When it was first announced in 2010, smaller cities across the US were eager to work with the company to bring the kind of connection speeds that could spur new small businesses and help create local technology hubs.
The plan was for Google to profit both from the sale of the connections, to businesses and homes, and from the extra use of its sites, from search to YouTube.
Google also hoped to encourage telecoms providers to offer similar speeds by creating a new rival in the market. Technology companies, which rely on telecoms services, have been frustrated by their pace of change.
The US does not make the top-10 countries in the world for connection speeds, according to Akamai’s State of the Internet report for the first quarter of 2016.
Since Google Fiber launched, Comcast, AT&T and Centurylink have all begun to offer superfast broadband speeds in certain markets, including AT&T offering its U-Verse Gigapower service in Kansas City and Austin, Texas, where Google Fiber operates.
But the project has struggled as the company discovered how hard it can be to work with local government.
Last year, Dennis Kish, vice-president of Google Fiber, told the Financial Times that local authorities could make it easier for the company to access utility poles and conduits in the ground to expand the infrastructure of the internet.
He said that Google had gained “lessons and some scars” on its journey to provide faster connection speeds.
Última edição por 5ms; 27-08-2016 às 13:22.
27-08-2016, 13:51 #2
"Junior science fair"Google’s High-Speed Web Plans Hit Snags
By Jack Nicas
Aug. 15, 2016
Google parent Alphabet Inc. is rethinking its high-speed internet business after initial rollouts proved more expensive and time consuming than anticipated, a stark contrast to the fanfare that greeted its launch six years ago.
Alphabet’s Internet provider, Google Fiber, has spent hundreds of millions dollars digging up streets and laying fiber-optic cables in a handful of cities to offer web connections roughly 30 times faster than the U.S. average.
Now the company is hoping to use wireless technology to connect homes, rather than cables, in about a dozen new metro areas, including Los Angeles, Chicago and Dallas, according to people familiar with the company’s plans. As a result Alphabet has suspended projects in San Jose, Calif., and Portland, Ore.
Meanwhile, the company is trying to cut costs and accelerate its expansion elsewhere by leasing existing fiber or asking cities or power companies to build the networks instead of building its own.
Google’s announcement in 2010 of its Fiber project sparked high expectations at a time when telephone companies were perceived as moving slowly in rolling out faster broadband service. More than 1,000 cities applied and Google began service in the Kansas City area in November 2012. The following month, Google Executive Chairman Eric Schmidt told a conference that Fiber “isn’t just an experiment, it’s a real business and we’re trying to decide where to expand next.”
Today, Google Fiber has reached just six metro areas, the latest example of the challenges facing digital companies seeking to move into more traditional lines of business.
“If you’re in the telecommunications industry for 150 years, there are no surprises here,” said Jonathan Reichental, chief technology officer of the city of Palo Alto, Calif. “But if you’re a software company getting into the business for the first time, this is a completely new world.”
Mr. Reichental said Google Fiber executives recently told him that plans to bring the service to Palo Alto and nearby cities are on hold for at least six months.
In a written statement, Alphabet said, “We’re continuing to work with city leaders to explore the possibility of bringing Google Fiber to many cities. This means deploying the latest technologies in alignment with our product road map, while understanding local considerations and challenges, which takes time.”
The delays in Alphabet’s fiber plans follow stumbles in other arenas outside the company’s core internet search and advertising business. Alphabet stopped selling the first version of its Glass wearable computer early last year amid privacy concerns, and it recently dissolved a robotics team it assembled from six separate acquisitions.
The company doesn’t disclose financial results for the Fiber unit, but consolidates them with other nonsearch businesses in its “Other Bets” unit. That unit reported revenue of $185 million in the latest quarter, primarily driven by Fiber, home-automation firm Nest and life-sciences firm Verily, and an operating loss of $859 million. Fiber accounted for most of the unit’s quarterly capital expenditures of $280 million.
Alphabet hopes the investment in Google Fiber will eventually pay off with subscriber fees and, indirectly, more clicks on its search ads. Fiber costs $70 a month for the fastest internet connection and an additional $60 a month for TV. Analysts estimate a one-time cost for Alphabet of more than $500 for each home the network reaches, not all of which subscribe.
Alphabet declined to disclose its number of subscribers. Based on numbers reported to the U.S. Copyright Office, research firm MoffettNathanson said in March the TV service had 53,000 subscribers total as of December.
There likely are many more subscribers for the internet service, the firm said, but “one can’t help but feel that all of this has the flavor of a junior science fair.”
Google Fiber has begun construction in five new metro areas and announced plans to reach another dozen cities in the next few years. Now, those dozen cities will be the test bed for a push into wireless technology.
Google Fiber last month bought Webpass Inc., a company that beams internet service from a fiber-connected antenna to another antenna mounted on an apartment building. The company serves roughly 820 buildings in five cities.
Webpass Chief Executive Charles Barr, now an Alphabet employee, said wireless offers an opportunity to overcome the challenging economics of building fiber networks from scratch. “Everyone who has done fiber to the home has given up because it costs way too much money and takes way too much time,” he said.
In Kansas City, Alphabet also is testing a wireless technology that delivers connections from antennas on street lamps. And the company recently applied to the Federal Communications Commission to test “experimental transmitters” for wireless connections in 24 U.S. locations during the next two years.
Google Fiber is planning a system that would use fiber for the central network and antennas to connect each home wirelessly to that network, according to a person familiar with the plans. Alphabet Chairman Eric Schmidt said at the company’s shareholder meeting in June that wireless connections can be “cheaper than digging up your garden” to lay fiber.
Verizon Communications Inc. also have discussed using wireless technology for the “last-mile” connection to homes, but neither has deployed it widely.
Google Fiber is also trying other strategies to aid its expansion.
In San Francisco and parts of Atlanta, the company is leasing existing underused fiber and connecting apartment buildings rather than single-family homes. It chose Huntsville, Ala., in part because the city agreed to build a fiber network for Google.
In Tampa, Google Fiber is in talks with a power company to build the fiber network. It is working with real-estate firm Irvine Co. to pre-install fiber in new properties near Irvine, Calif., and it hopes to strike similar deals with other builders.
The new strategies are in response to the headaches of building a fiber network. In Kansas City, homeowners complained about destroyed lawns and ruptured gas lines. In Nashville, Tenn., and Louisville, Ky., competing telecom firms are blocking the company from stringing fiber on their utility poles.
Some analysts have long suspected that Alphabet’s primary goal was to prod other broadband firms to increase their speeds. AT&T, Comcast Corp. and Time Warner Cable, which recently was acquired by Charter Communications Inc., have done so in some competing markets.
Alphabet says Google Fiber is a real business. “We continue to see Fiber as a huge market opportunity,” Chief Financial Officer Ruth Porat told investors last month. “We’re being thoughtful and deliberate in our execution path.”
—Shalini Ramachandran contributed to this article.
27-08-2016, 19:20 #3
- Data de Ingresso
- Jul 2011
O que virou a venda da Level 3, o Google não comprou?
Algumas pessoas comentou que seria uma forma de dar um passo mais largo para a área de Telecom do Google.
01-09-2016, 14:54 #4
Broadband Investment: Not for the Faint of Heart | AT&T Public Policy Blog
Posted by: Joan Marsh on August 30, 2016 at 11:01 am
July 2007: In exchange for FCC action on its demand for four specific “open access” conditions on the 700 MHz Upper C Block, Google commits to bidding $4.6B in the 700 MHz auction.
January 2008: When the auction closes, it becomes clear that wireless companies – not Google – shouldered the multi-billion dollar cost of the auction. As soon as the reserve was hit for the Upper C Block, Google took its billions and went back to Mountain View. Those same wireless companies spent billions more deploying those licenses to build the most advanced LTE networks in the world and give the U.S. leadership on LTE technologies.
April 2008: Google touts a new proposal for “Wi-Fi on Steroids.” Using newly-authorized 600 MHz white spaces, Google announces plans to have American consumers from Manhattan to North Dakota surfing the Web at gigabits-per-second speeds on new devices that will be available by the 2009 Holiday Season.
Today: There are less than 1,000 white space devices in the white space database and no real measure of broadband white space service. Google’s plans to blanket the country with broadband white spaces devices appear to be on hold.
February 2010: Google announces its intent to build ultra-high-speed fiber-fed broadband networks with plans to serve around five million subscribers in five years; 1100 cities respond to Google’s Request for Information in an effort to become a Google Fiber City.
Today: Google Fiber has deployed a fiber network in parts of seven out of the 1100 interested cities, but otherwise hits the pause button as Google Fiber learns something we’ve known for over a hundred years – deploying communications networks is hard and takes an enormous amount of time, money and skilled labor.
The Present: Google Fiber appears to be pivoting toward using wireless technologies to defray the costs of fiber deployment and to bridge the last mile gap between utility poles and customer homes. In June, Google acquired Webpass, a company that uses microwave technology to provide high-speed broadband services, mostly to commercial customers and to some residents in multi-unit buildings.
The Future?: Google Fiber discovers that wireless networks are expensive to build as well and learns that microwave broadband may work well in dense urban areas, particularly where supported by higher cost commercial services, but offers tougher economics when trying to serve residential customers.
Moral of the story: Building reliable, ubiquitous high-speed broadband connectivity is tough. It takes an enormous commitment of capital and resources and a highly-skilled and capable work force. Yet AT&T has been at it for over 140 years. Between 2011 and 2015, while Google Fiber was cutting its teeth on fiber, AT&T invested over $140B in its network, building to over one million route miles of fiber globally and deploying ultra-high-speed fiber-fed GigaPower broadband services, reaching over a hundred cities. Along the way, AT&T spent over $13B with minority, women and disabled veteran-owned suppliers in 2015 alone.
Google Fiber will no doubt continue its broadband experiments, while coming up with excuses for its shortcomings and learning curves. It will also no doubt continue to seek favoritism from government at every level. Just last week Google Fiber threatened the Nashville City Council that it would stop its fiber build if an ordinance Google Fiber drafted wasn’t passed. Instead of playing by the same rules as everyone else building infrastructure, Google Fiber demands special treatment and indeed in some places is getting it, unfairly.
Yet, Google Fiber still complains it’s too hard…and costs too much…and takes too long… even as it’s reported that Google Fiber will now try to do all this with half its current workforce. Meanwhile, without excuses or finger-pointing, and without presenting ultimatums to cities in exchange for service, AT&T continues to deploy fiber and to connect our customers to broadband services in communities across the country. Welcome to the broadband network business, Google Fiber. We’ll be watching your next move from our rear view mirror. Oh, and pardon our dust.
07-09-2016, 14:58 #5
Zayo snags 1,800 cell site backhaul contract covering 26 markets
Zayo’s FTTT network will surpasses an estimated 10,000 cell sites nationwide.
by Sean Buckley | Sep 6, 2016
Zayo has won a contract to expand and upgrade an unnamed wireless operator customer’s fiber to the tower (FTTT) network, extending its dark fiber facilities to over 1,800 cell sites in 26 markets.
Similar to other large FTTT deals that Zayo has won with other wireless operators, Zayo will leverage the existing FTTT networks it has built out in 20 markets. This will enable Zayo to reduce capital costs to satisfy the wireless customer’s need to increase coverage and capacity.
Zayo said that this latest customer award represents follow-on sales to Zayo’s recently announced network expansions that are in progress, while introducing FTTT in six markets by leveraging the service provider’s existing dense metro dark fiber.
Upon completing this expansion, Zayo’s FTTT network will surpasses an estimated 10,000 cell sites nationwide, including those under construction.
Interestingly, Zayo’s FTTT wins are giving it a platform from which it can leverage to pursue other fiber deals with local school districts, a trend that’s taking place in key markets like Denver and Texas, for example. Zayo will build a 618-mile dark fiber network with the Denver Public Schools (DPS), Colorado’s largest school district. The network will connect 153 schools and sites, including two DPS data centers.
In Texas, Zayo is extending services across a 1,178-mile Texas school district, which leverages a 122-site FTTT build in Dallas. The service provider will bring services to schools located in the Texas Education Service Center Region 11 via a fiber network build that's under construction in Dallas-Fort Worth for a major wireless operator.
Dan Caruso, CEO of Zayo, told investors during the company’s earnings call that these deals “leverage the mobile infrastructure investment we put in place, as well as resulting the further extending of the fiber footprint that then could get leverage for other purposes over time.”
As a result of gaining new FTTT and E-Rate deals, Zayo reported its fiscal fourth quarter Dark Fiber Solutions revenues were $106.9 million, up 8.6 percent year-over-year.